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Coronavirus Protection - Knowing Type of Mask to Use

Protecting Yourself During COVID-19 | Knowing When to Use Medical or Non-Medical Face Mask

Protecting Yourself During COVID-19 | An Opinion Edition by Amazrock Team


Quick Facts on COVID-19 spread 

COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people, mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another person. The virus can spread from an infected person’s mouth or nose in small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing or breathe heavily. 


Other people can catch COVID-19 when the virus gets into their mouth, nose or eyes, which is more likely to happen when people are in direct or close contact (less than 1 meter apart) with an infected person.


Many expert studies and opinions suggest that the main way the virus spreads is by respiratory droplets among people who are in close contact with each other.



Social Distancing & Wearing Face Mask Helps Prevent Exposure

During this pandemic times, it would be a good practice to maintain social distance in public spaces where it makes sense. In addition, a face mask would help serve as a barrier to reduce and slow down the exposure to any respiratory droplets that may exist around us.



Our Recommendation for High Exposure Risk (In Clinical Setting or Environment With Known or High Probability COVID-19 Exposure)


Wear a Medical-Grade Face Mask

  • Consider ONLY such face masks that are manufactured according to the approved standards
    • USA FDA approved – ASTM F2100-19 Level-3 (or commonly known as Surgical Masks; or N95 Respirators)
      • FDA-regulated face masks (including cloth face coverings), surgical masks, and respirators (filtering facepiece respirators, such as N95 respirators) intended for a medical purpose to assist in preventing the spread of infectious materials during the COVID-19 pandemic
    • Europe approved – EN14683 Type II & IIR
    • These face masks provide
      • BFE>98, Medical-Grade Differential Pressure, Fluid Splash Resistance (EN14683 Type IIR and ASTM F2100 Recommended)
      • Additional Particle Filtration + Flammability Resistance (ASTM F2100 Recommended)


  • Face masks: A mask, with or without a face shield, that covers the user’s nose and mouth and may or may not meet fluid barrier or filtration efficiency levels. Face masks that are not intended for a medical purpose are not considered medical devices. Face masks may be used by the general public and health care personnel as source control in accordance with CDC recommendations on Interim Infection Prevention and Control.


  • Surgical masks: A mask that covers the user’s nose and mouth and provides a physical barrier to fluids and particulate materials. Surgical masks intended for medical purposes are considered medical devices. The mask meets certain fluid barrier protection standards and Class I or Class II flammability tests. Surgical masks are also tested for biocompatibility and are considered personal protective equipment (PPE). While a surgical mask may be effective in blocking splashes and large-particle droplets, they do not provide complete protection from germs and other contaminants because of the loose fit between the surface of the mask and your face. Surgical masks are not respiratory protective devices such as respirators.


  • Respirators, known as filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs), including N95s and surgical N95s, filter at least 95 percent of airborne particles. They are PPE that tightly fit the face and provide certain filtration efficiency levels to help reduce wearer exposure to pathogenic airborne particles in a health care setting. They provide a higher level of protection against viruses and bacteria when properly fit-tested.



Our Recommendation for Lower Exposure Risk (In Public Spaces or Low Probability COVID-19 Exposure)


Where possible, do adopt a properly fit-face mask as your companion at your outings or workplace. You can consider the following :

  • Cloth Face Masks (3-layers Cotton/Silk With High Thread Count) – widely believed to offer a level of protection up to 80-90% Fluid Resistance and BFE filtration close to medical-grade EN14683 Type I  & II face mask
  • Single-use face mask (non-medical grade)


* Be socially responsible for others and yourself. Let us help protect ample supplies for the front-line Health Workers !



You may also be interested in this :


Article How to tell fever temperature using ear & forehead thermometer ?


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